Dr. Tim David
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Director, Centre for Bioengineering University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
"Cellular Modeling to MR Imaging: The Challenge of Multiple Scales in the Biological Sciences: Applications in Cerebro-vascular Perfusion"
There are a significant number of problems that exhibit a large range of physical scales but none so prominent in the 21st Century as that exemplified within the biological sciences. In the major arterial networks the blood flow dynamic scales are of the order of 1mm (cerebral vessels) up to 25mm (ascending aorta). Downstream of any major vessel exists a substantial network of arteries, arterioles and capillaries whose characteristic length scales reach the order of 10-20 microns. Within the walls of these cylindrical vessels lie ion channels consisting of proteins (100 nanometers and smaller) folded in such a way as to allow only certain molecules through the membrane. One can now of course ask the question as to why all these scales should be integrated into a single model.
To investigate the way in which the brain responds to variations in pressure and yet maintains a virtually constant supply of blood to the tissue numerical models need to be able to have a representation of not only the vascular tree but also a dynamic model of how the small arteries constrict and dilate. Simulating this phenomenon as a "lumped" connection of arteries is insufficient since different parts of the arterial tree respond differently. Thus we have a range of scales from the major arteries down to the arteriolar bed. The combination of a 3D model taken from MR data coupled with an autoregulation model with a fully populated arterial tree able to regulate dynamically remains a relatively unexplored field. This particular talk will outline the reasons for investigating multiple scales and their particular constraints with special reference to the autoregulation of blood in the cerebro-vasculature and outline a possible solution.
Wednesday, November 24, 2010 at 6:00 PM - at 7:00 PM
Shuttleworth Auditorium (D0-104), St. Joseph's Hospital, 268 Grosvenor Street, London, Ontario